By James J. Hennesey
Written by way of one of many optimum historians of yankee Catholicism, this ebook provides a complete background of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States from colonial occasions to the current. Hennesey examines, particularly, minority Catholics and advancements within the western a part of the us, a area usually missed in spiritual histories.
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Extra resources for American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States (Galaxy Books)
French thinking was dominated by concern for lines of communication to the west and its lucrative fur trade. For security reasons the Iroquois had to be pushed south into present-day New York State. They became France's enemies while the Hurons, Montagnais, and Algonquins were French allies. Consequences for the French empire and for French missionaries were momentous. Recollect Franciscans came to New France in 1615 and Jesuits returned ten years later. Missions were established as far west as Georgian Bay.
The fur trade remained largely in British hands, and Revolutionary War veterans and other frontiersmen swarming over the mountains to take up new lands felt hemmed in. All this ended with the final defeat of the Indians. In the meantime, while French villages in Indiana and Illinois were being integrated into the new nation, the French at Detroit, who had been loyal to the crown during the Revolution, continued for thirteen years under British rule. French secular priests replaced the Franciscans in 1782.
Outlying posts were at Fort Arkansas on the river of that name, Fort Orleans on the Missouri and, 240 miles to the east, in modern Indiana, Post Vincennes on the Wabash. Each boasted some settlers, but they were mainly garrison towns to protect the fur trade. The history of the Illinois missions is spotted with conflicts between priests and local authorities over the liquor trade, gambling, and prostitution of Indian women. The trafficking in brandy was particularly vicious. Nowhere in the United States had Indians distilled liquor before the coming of Europeans, and its spread helped break down the structures of Indian society.