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By V Sankrithi Krishnan

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See especially En­ cyclopaedia, § 451 , and cf. EL, § 3 R ) Roughly, it is thinking at the level of everyday life, involving mental contents that are not very "clear and dis­ tinct", that are comparatively unanalysed, ill-defined, "pictorial" . It is thinking, all right, using universals, but thinking in which the universals are not brought into systematic relation to one another. For this special sense, "present" /"presentation" (less desirably, "represent" /"representa­ tion") are probably best.

Now, if this general direc­ tion were the one to be taken, then it would be better to reverse the English renderings, as Gegenstand is used very much more frequently than Objekt, whilst "ob-ject" is not only not an ordinary word but not a word at all in the dictionary sense, and visually awkward, as a neologism. " (ii) In its untechnical sense, Gegenstand would be naturally ren­ dered by "object" (unbroken) or "subject matter" , according to context. The present translation recognises only to an ex­ tremely limited extent the difference between the technical and untechnical senses of Gegenstand.

Finally, Differenz in sense (1) most naturally becomes "differentiation" (or, much less desirably, aesthetically speaking, "differentiatedness"), and Indifferenz (as the nega­ tive of sense (1) of Differenz) becomes "lack [or absence] of differentiation [or differentiatedness]" . All this may seem egregiously laborious, but the distinctions made are unawidable if sense is to be made of Hegel's text at a number of points. Decisive proof of this may be gained by an attempt to understand, for example, §§ 194 A, 200 A, or 203 in the present translation.

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