By Pavol Stekauer
Pavol Štekauer offers an unique method of the problematic difficulties of English word-formation. The emphasis is at the technique of coining new naming devices (words). this is often defined via an onomasiological version, which takes as its aspect of departure the naming wishes of a speech neighborhood, and proceeds via conceptual mirrored image of extra-linguistic truth and semantic research to the shape of a brand new naming unit. therefore, it's the shape which implements thoughts given through semantics by way of the so-called Form-to-Meaning task Principle.
Word-formation is conceived of as an self reliant part, interrelated with the lexical part by means of delivering it with new naming devices, and via utilising the word-formation bases of naming devices kept within the Lexicon. The relation to the Syntactic part is just mediated in the course of the Lexical component.
In addition, the ebook provides a brand new method of productiveness. it really is maintained that word-formation approaches are as effective as syntactic procedures. This notably new method offers basic solutions to a couple of conventional difficulties of word-formation.
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Extra resources for An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation
Votre raisonnement n'est pas logique (Your reasoning is not logical) b. Votre raisonnement est illogique (Your reasoning is illogical) Since a. and b. are synonymous, Rohrer claims that illogique cannot be derived from propositional concepts (as suggested by Brekle (1970)) because propositional concepts dò not contain negation. Therefore, it must be derived by transformations from the underlying sentence a. g. the difference between The director is not capable and The director is incapable). Bauer maintains: "All that is required for the generation of derived forms containing a negation is (a) the base and (b) the negating element.
For example, The Longman Dictionary of the English Language gives the following meanings of the prefix re-: (i) again, anew (reprint) (b1) again in a new, altered, or improved way (rewrite) (b2) repeated, new, or improved version of (remake) (ii) back, backwards (recall) Retain, receive, etc. do not contain any of the quoted meanings. The prefix re- adds to words the meaning of an intermittent repetition implying time 24 Word Formation discontinuity, whereas the meaning of receive or retain does not contain such a time discontinuity.
The onomasiological connective can be expressed as (24) Qual - Pat(ient) with Pat standing for SUBSTANCE (onomasiological base), and Qual standing for QUALITY (onomasiological mark). 1 General The problem of the status of the Word-Formation Component with regard to other linguistic components can be treated in terms of four relationships: (i) The relationship between word-formation and inflectional morphology, reduced by some authors to the relation between derivational morphology and inflectional morphology.